Agartala is a striking city tucked in the north-east of India. It is the proud capital of Indian state of Tripura. The city is sited in the western part of Tripura and lies on the swiftly flowing Haroa River. Agartala city is spread over an area of about 59 square kilometers and is situated at an altitude of 13 meters above the sea level. Due to its location, the city has a humid subtropical climate with heavy rainfall all around the year. While summers are hot and wet (April to October), Agartala experiences mild to moderate winters. The best time to visit this city is from the month of October to April. This amazing city has a blend of rich culture and diverse population including various native tribes. Indo-Bangladesh border is just 2 kilometer away from this city and thus, a huge impact of Bengali culture can be seen in locals. This city is very well connected to other cities of India via Railway, Road and Airways.
National Highway No. 44 connects Agartala to Guwahati (599 km) via Shillong. The city also possesses a fully equipped airdrome, Agartala Airport which connects this city to all the major cities of the country such as Delhi, Kolkata and Guwahati, through direct flights. In fact, Agartala is the second capital city (after Guwahati) in the northeast that is linked to the country's railway network. The city was founded by Maharaja Radha Krishna Kishore Manikya Bahadur (1829-1849) of Manikya Dynasty in 1849, as capital of his empire. In the year 1874-75, it was converted into a municipality under the reign of Maharaja Bir Chandra Manikya (1862-1896). In 1940, this city's town area was restructured in a planned way to make it a well planned city under the sovereignty of Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya Bahadur. This is why he is, sometimes, referred to as the founder of the planned city of Agartala. Agartala is the central market and exporter of various commercial commodities like tea, rice, jute, oilseeds, rubber and gas/LPG for nearby region and states.
Perched on the banks of River Howrah, the low-key capital city of Tripura-Agartala- entices the excursionists and sightseers with its past splendor. With its head-reeling assortment of exciting tourist attractions, a trip to Agartala promises to be nothing short of a joy trip.Tucked away in the extreme corners of northeastern India, the quaint capital city of Tripura -- Agartala deserves great applause for holding on to its tribal traditions and regal splendor despite of the growing commercialism in the state. Endowed with nature's bounties, this erstwhile princely city sashays its manmade creations.The historical city of Agartala, with its rich cultural diversity, beckons every visitor to delve deep into its imperial past with great gusto. Boasting of intriguing tribal customs and traditions, this erstwhile princely state, which served as a home to the majestic Manikya Dynasty.
Agartala is a municipal city, and the municipality started working from 1872 and it was then when the real development of the city started. The city is construcetde with proper planning, and from the year 1940, new roads and buildings were made to complete the foundation of Agartala. Some important city buildings include Secretariat, Tripura Legislative Assembly, Police Headquarters etc.
Agartala is a culturally developed city. The Bengali and Tripuri communities in Agartala have kept intact the unique culture of the city. Due to the regal patronage and influx of Bengalis from Sylhet, Comilla, and Noakhali districts from Bangladesh the Bengali culture is prominent here in Agartala. The Tripuri tribes are original inhabitants of the kingdom of Tripura. The Tripuris mainly live on the slope of the hills and they speak the Kokborok dialect, the standard language of the Debbarma tribe. Kokborok is spoken around Agartala and in the Krishnanagar area of the city. So both these communities have made Agartala a beautiful place to reside. Festivals like Durga puja, Saraswati puja, Holi, Diwali, New Year, Kharchi and Garia puja are celebrated with pomp and enthusiasm in the city.
The British took over the reigns of governance in 1808 and Tripura was a princely state until 1956, when it became a Union Territory.When Tripura gained statehood in 1972, Agartala became the state capital.
Garia puja Both the Tripuri and the Bengali communities in Agartala together celebrate their different festivals with much enthusiasm.
The summers here have a good deal of rainfall, while the winters have very little. This location is classified as Aw by Köppen and Geiger. The temperature here averages 25.5 °C. The rainfall here averages 2146 mm.
Due to the regal patronage and influx of Bengalis from Sylhet, Comilla, and Noakhali districts from Bangladesh, the Bengali culture has been dominant here in Agartala while the Tripuri tribes are original inhabitants of Tripura.
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