Agra has found its mention in the famous Hindu epic Mahabharat as the forest of Agraban close to Mathura. Badal Singh founded the city in 1475. Sikandar Lodhi made Agra his capital city.Located on the banks of Yamuna River, in the North of Uttar Pradesh, Agra is a wonderful place and a popular tourist stopover. General information on Agra reveals that the city was established by Badal Singh in the year 1475. Depicted as “Agrraba”, in the Mahabharata, the city of Agra was once the capital of the Lodhis and the Mughals. In the sixteenth and the seventeenth century, Agra developed as a centre of art, culture, learning and commerce, especially with the help of the Mughal rulers like Akbar, Shah Jahan and Jehangir.
Agra houses several historic prestigious places, monuments and buildings which upholds the tradition and culture of the city. Besides being home to UNESCO Heritage Sites like the famous Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and the Fatehpur Sikri, Agar is also replete with other attractions like Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb, Mariam's Tomb, Akbar's Tomb in Sikandra, Jama Masjid, Chini Ka Rauza etc.
The city of Agra with its laid-back style of living, treasured architecture, jewelry and handicrafts, is one of the remarkable cities in the world. Besides many celebration of different festivals, irrespective of caste distinction, takes place with all the zeal and excitement.
The top administrator of the city is the Commissioner, who is responsible for planned development and proper administration of the city. The district magistrate is responsible for maintaining the law and order in the Region. Besides, the block development officers and the chief development officers also play an important role. Agra Municipal Corporation provides the people with all the required civic amenities. Problems pertaining to infrastructure are addressed by the Nagar Nigam of Agra.
The city of Agra can be conveniently accessed from all corners of the India. It has its own airport known as the Kheria Airport from where all the domestic airlines ply. A major rail station in Agra connects the city to important parts in India. Further, Agra is also connected through National Highways 2, 3 and 11. Private and state transport buses and other local means of transport are also available within the city.
As the city experiences semi arid, tropical climate with very hot summers, therefore the best time to visit the city is in the months of October to March when the climate in Agra is pleasant and ideal for touring.
The Taj Mahal is one of the most famous buildings in the world, the mausoleum of Shah Jhan’s favourite wife, Mumtaz mahal It is one of the New Seven Wonders of the world, and one of the three World Heritage sites in Agra. It was built in 1631.
Built solely for the great Mughal emperor, the Akbar Tomb was built in 1605-1613. It covers a good area of 119 acres in the Sikandra. It was Akbar himself who initiated the works in 1600 as per the Tartary tradition.
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