Aizawl is the capital of the state of Mizoram in India. With a resident population of 293,416,it is the largest city in the state. It is also the centre of administration containing all the important government offices, state assembly house and civil secretariat. The population of Aizawl strongly reflects the different communities of the ethnic Mizo people.In 1871-72, the disorderly conduct of Khalkom, a Mizo chief, compelled the British to establish an outpost that later became the Aizawl village.In 1890, officer Dally of the Assam Police and his 400 men arrived at Aizawl to support Colonel Skinner's troops during a British military operation against the Mizo tribals. On Dally's recommendation, Aizawl was selected as the site of a fortified post that Colonel Skinner had been ordered to construct. The troops constructed stockades and buildings at the site.In 1892-95 Aizawl became accessible from Silchar by fair weather road under the supervision of Major Loch.
Aizawl is located north of the Tropic of Cancer in the northern part of Mizoram. It is situated on a ridge 1,132 metres above sea level, with the Tlawng river valley to its west and the Tuirial river valley to its east.Aizawl has a mild, sub-tropical climate due to its location and elevation. Under the Köppen climate classification, Aizawl features a humid subtropical climate (Cwa) but very rainy. In the summer the temperature ranges from 20–30 °C , and in the winter 11–21 °C.The economy of Aizawl is basically sustained by government services as it is capital of Mizoram. The major banks are also located within Aizawl. A 3-star category hotel, Hotel Regency, has recently been inaugurated at Zarkawt, a central location within the city. It provides a much-needed hospitality service for tourists and business visitors to Aizawl.
Aizawl is located in the northern part of Mizoram to the north of the tropic of Cancer. It is around 1.132 meters above the sea level. Two river valleys lay in two sides of Aizawl: Tlawng river valley to the west and tuirial valley to the east. Here, the climate is very mild and moderate owing to its location at an elevated level. In accordance to the Koppen climate classification, Aizawl has a humid subtropical climate but very rainy weather. During the summer, the temperature remains between 20-30 degree Celsius and during the winters it stays between 11-21 degree Celsius.
According to the 2001 census, the population of Aizawl is 228,280. The percentage of males and females is 50.80% and 49.20 respectively. The Mizos belong to various tribes and sub-tribes. Here the religion is primarily Christianity; however other religions such as Hinduism, Islam and Buddhism are also practiced.Majority of the population is covered by the Presbyterians. However, other than that some Seventh-day Adventists, United Pentecostal Church, Roman Catholics, Salvation Army and Baptists also exist.
There are many government services within the town since it is the central place of the state. The economy of the state is highly dependent on these government services. Apart from that, tourism is another sector through which it has been able to improve the economy of the state. More and more hotels and lodge houses are being constructed with the passage of time, thus making way for employment and making the visits of the tourists much more easier and comfortable.
It is needless to say that Aizawl is a place of extreme scenic beauty. There are so many places of tourist interest in Aizawl that they will at once grab the attention of the tourists. There are wildlife sanctuaries in Aizawl that are known to possess varied flora and fauna. Dampa Tiger Reserve is a wildlife reserve in the area that is a home to a number of tigers. Other wildlife sanctuaries in and around Aizawl are Tawi sanctuary, Murlen National Park, Lengteng National Park and Khawnglung Wildlife Sanctuary. One can also visit State Museum at McDonald Hill, Aizawl Zoological Park at Lungverh, KVI Handloom and Handicraft Sales Emporium at Zarkawt, Mizo Hlakungpui Mual in Aizawl.
Aizawl is easily accessible by air, rail and roadways. There are proper means of transport to reach the city. One can reach Aizawl via airways as Aizawl has its own airport. Aizawl also has properly constructed roadways via which one can travel in a car or bus. Aizawl does not have a railway station and the nearest railway station to Aizawl is Silchar which is just 184 kms away in Assam and takes around 19 hours.
The origin of the Mizos, like those of many other tribes in the North Eastern India is shrouded in mystery. The generally accepted as part of a great Mongoloid wave of migration from China and later moved out to India to their present habitat.
The traditional repertoire of festival and folk and community dance offer visitors a delightful insight into the tribal heritage of Mizo culture in all its richness and variety.
Aizawl has a mild, sub-tropical climate due to its location and elevation. Under the Köppen climate classification, Aizawl features a humid subtropical climate (Cwa) but very rainy.
The ethnicity of Aizawl consists of various tribes and sub tribes which have been residing here since ages. Traces of different culture of different Mizo communities could be found in Aizawl.
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