Goa Basic

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The magnificent scenic beauty and the architectural splendours of its temples, churches and old houses have made Goa a firm favourite with travellers around the world.But then, Goa is much more than just beaches and sea. It has a soul which goes deep into unique history, rich culture and some of the prettiest natural scenery that India has to offer.

Much of the real Goa is in its interiors, both inside its buildings and in the hinterland away from the coastal area.Legends from Hindu mythology credit Lord Parshuram, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu with the creation of Goa.Over the centuries various dynasties have ruled Goa. Rashtrakutas, Kadambas, Silaharas, Chalukyas, Bahamani Muslims and most famously the Portuguese have been rulers of Goa.Goa was liberated by the Indian Army from Portuguese colonisation on December 19, 1961 and became an Union Territory along with the enclaves of Daman and Diu. On May 30, 1987 Goa was conferred statehood and became the 25th state of the Indian Republic.Much of the real Goa is in its interiors, both inside its buildings and in the hinterland away from the coastal area.Legends from Hindu mythology credit Lord Parshuram, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu with the creation of Goa.Over the centuries various dynasties have ruled Goa. Rashtrakutas, Kadambas, Silaharas, Chalukyas, Bahamani Muslims and most famously the Portuguese have been rulers of Goa.Goa was liberated by the Indian Army from Portuguese colonisation on December 19, 1961 and became an Union Territory along with the enclaves of Daman and Diu. On May 30, 1987 Goa was conferred statehood and became the 25th state of the Indian Republic.Having been the meeting point of races, religions and cultures of East and West over the centuries, Goa has a multi-hued and distinctive lifestyle quite different from the rest of India. Hindu and Catholic communities make up almost the entire population with minority representation of Muslims and other religions.

All the communities have mutual respect towards one another and their secular outlook has given Goa a long and an unbroken tradition of religious harmony. The warm and tolerant nature of the Goans allows them to celebrate and enjoy the festivals of various religions such as Ganesh Chaturthi, Diwali, Christmas, Easter and Id with equal enthusiasm.The state of Maharashtra borders Goa on the north, the state of Karnataka on the south and east. The vast expanse of the Arabian Sea on the west forms the magnificent coastline for which Goa is justly famous.Terekhol (Tiracol), Mandovi, Zuari, Chapora, Sal and Talpona are the main rivers which weave their way throughout the state forming the inland waterways adding beauty and romance to the land besides being used to transport Goa's main export commodity of Iron and Manganese ore to Mormugao Harbour. Along the way to the coast these waterways form estuaries, creeks and bays breaking the sandy.

Goa is a strip of land 110 kilometres long and 60 km wide, between the Sahyadri range of the Western Ghats and the Arabian sea on the west coast of India. The coastline is indented by numerous deep, sheltered river estuaries which account for the importance of Goa’s harbours on ancient trade routes. The climate is tropical with a June to September monsoon, when rainfall is approximately 400 cms. For the rest of the year humidity is surprisingly low and average daily temperature is 27°C (85°F). The coolest months are November to February when night temperat-ures can fall to 20°C (70°F).

Goa, known as the "Pearl of the Orient" and "Rome of the East", is located on the western coast of India. It is an immensely popular holiday destination for thousands of European and domestic tourists who vist Goa simply for the splendour and beauty it provides.With miles and miles of beaches and thanks to its unique geographical and historical position, it provides a harmonious blend of Eastern and Western culture and an unhurried pace of life, that is typically bohemian in nature.The land has a soul that goes deep and that is rich with unique history, culture and some of the most breathtaking natural scenery that India has to offer.

Goa is a tiny part of India touched by Mediterranean culture and climate. Goa contains more variety and vitality than almost anywhere else in India. Goa is divided into 11 talukas. The eleven talukas are Ilhas, Bardez, Salcette, Ponda, Marmagoa, Bicholim, Satari, Pernem, Quepem, Sanguem, and Canacona. On the Eastern and Southern boundaries lies the state of Karnataka, on the Western side the Arabian Sea and the state of Maharashtra lies on the
    
Northern side. Panaji (Panjim), is one of the India’s smallest and state capital of Goa. The main attraction of Goa are the beaches, which are very beautiful. With some of India’s finest beaches, Goa has long been popular as a place for relaxation. It gained the reputation for being free and easy. It is still a restful haven, but now it attracts more affluent tourists, and has the facilities to meet their demands. The other attraction of Goa is the combination of colonial, Portugal and modern India. There is almost nowhere else in India where the influence of the former colonial overlords remains as strong as it does in Goa. Goa may not be as cool as it once was but it’s certainly just as magical.

History of Goa

Since Goa consist mainly of Hindus and Christians , Christmas ,Ganesh Chaturthi,Diwali,New Years Day,Shigmo and the Carnival are the most celebrated festivals in the state.

Places of Interest in Goa

Special beach excursions are also arranged in Candolim beach wherein a tourist is taken right to the core of the sea from where he can capture some memorable sunsets.

Fairs and Festivals in Goa

There is a lot more than just the wonderful golden beaches lined up with swaying palm trees, the sparkling blue strip of ocean that runs parallel to the yellow sands and the colorful friendly people , that adds to the vibrancy called ‘Goa.

Climate of Goa

The best time to visit Goa is during the cooler months between November and March, when the weather is warm, there is no rain, and the seas are calm and clear.

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