Kolkata Basic

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Kolkata is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. It is also the commercial capital of East India, located on the east bank of the Hooghly River. The city of Kolkata has 4.5 million residents, and the metropolitan area, including suburbs, has a population of approximately 15.7 million, making it the third most populous metropolitan area in India and the 13th most populous urban area in the world. The city is also classified as the eighth largest urban agglomeration in the world.

Kolkata was the capital of India during British emperor. The city's documented history, however, begins with the arrival of the English East India Company in 1690, when the Company was consolidating its trade business in Bengal. Job Charnock, an administrator with the company was traditionally credited as the founder of the city. In 2003 high court order states that the city should not have a specific founder. While the city's name was always pronounced "Kolkata" in the local Bengali language, its official English name was changed from "Calcutta" to "Kolkata" in 2001, reflecting the Bengali pronunciation. Some view this as a move to erase the legacy of British rule.

Visitors need to take a look at the maps to know the exact location of the city and its vast area to reach the destination quickly. Hooghly River flows for around 15 kilometers along the western part of Kolkata. Kolkata is the second largest city in India and is recognized as a cosmopolitan city with people coming from various cultures, states and religions live together. Kolkata has enormous opportunities in various fields like technology, industry, education, tourism and many more.

There are people visiting Kolkata from all parts of the world. Kolkata is a vast city, which needs a good map to carry with for visitors. The city also has its metro, which can help people in communicating faster. The city has many important places like Belur, Subhashnagar, Mirzapur, Garia and many more. Those wanting to visit these places can take the highway that runs all across the city and also outside. Kolkata also has many religious places that are good attractions for the visitors like St. Thomas Church, Jain Maniktala, Jain Belgachhiya, Gurudwara, and many more. There are plenty of hotels all over Kolkata that come in all ranges. There are seven star, five star and also budget hotels for tourists. The map here provides details of various hotels that visitors might be interested in. the Hyatt Regency, ITC Sonar, Oberoi Grand, The Golden Park, Hindustan international and the Ashoka are a few prominent hotels.

The language spoken here is mostly Bengali; the other languages spoken are Hindi, English and a few others as well. People of all religion reside in Kolkata including Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs and Christians.

Kolkata is the capital of India and is one of the metropolitan cities in India. It is located in the eastern Indian and is situated on the bank of the river Hooghly. Fondly known as the "City of Joy", Kolkata is home to many personalities like Mother Teresa, Rabindranath Tagore, Satyajit Ray and Subhash Chandra Bose.


Kolkata is located at 22.82 degree North 88. 20 degree east. It is spread on the banks of Hooghly River and has an elevation of 17 feet. The total area of Kolkata is 1480 square kilometers. The Sundarbans delta separates Kolkata from the Bay of Bengal.

The city is divided into various topographical regions and five units namely the west, east, south, north and the central Kolkata. The regions adjoining the city are Hooghly, Howrah, south 24 Parganas, North 24 Parganas and the Nadia.

Fashioned by the colonial British in the manner of a grand European capital—yet now set in one of the poorest and most overpopulated regions of India—Kolkata has grown into a city of sharp contrasts and contradictions. Kolkata has had to assimilate strong European influences and overcome the limitations of its colonial legacy in order to find its own unique identity. In the process it created an amalgam of East and West that found its expression in the life and works of the 19th-century Bengali elite and its most noteworthy figure, the poet and mystic Rabindranath Tagore.

This large and vibrant Indian city thrives amid seemingly insurmountable economic, social, and political problems. Its citizens exhibit a great joie de vivre that is demonstrated in a penchant for art and culture and a high level of intellectual vitality and political awareness. Crowds throng to Kolkata’s book fairs, art exhibitions, and concerts, and there is a lively trading of polemics on walls, which has led to Kolkata being dubbed the “city of posters.”

Yet for all of Kolkata’s vitality, many of the city’s residents live in some of the worst conditions, far removed from the cultural milieu. The city’s energy nevertheless penetrates even to the poorest areas, as a large number of Kolkatans sincerely support the efforts of those who minister to the underprivileged. In short, Kolkata remains an enigma to many Indians as well as to foreigners. It continues to puzzle newcomers and to arouse an abiding nostalgia in the minds of those who have lived there.

History of Kolkata

Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, is the capital city of West Bengal, a state located in the eastern part of India.

Fairs and Festivals in Kolkata

Kolkata is the second largest city of India. It is a cosmopolitan city where people, technology and ideas have blended together with the socio-political culture to give the city a new shape.

Climate of Kolkata

Kolkatta has a subtropical climate which to a certain extent is influenced by its proximity to the Bay of Bengal. Weather in Kolkata features scorching hot and humid summers, a rainy season and a cool, dry winter.

Kolkata Culture

Kolkata is truly a city of talent and passion, where people are lively and have an enthusiasm to live life to the fullest.

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