- Climate of Jammu and Kashmir

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City Climate :: Area 105 sq kms
Altitude 1,730 m.
Temperature Max Min
Summer 29.5 C 10.6 C
Winter 7.3 C -1.9 C
Rainfall 52.9 cms
Population 930136 (2001 Census)
Best Season Throughout the year, though the winter months can be quite cold.
Clothing Spring and autumn Light woollens.
Summer Cotton/tropical
Winter Heavy woollens
Languages Kashmiri, Urdu, Hindi, English.

Jammu and Kashmir has a varied climate which is mainly because of its rugged topography. The state has an altitude from 395 meters to 6910 meters. The Climate in summer is mild owing to the rainfall that takes place on the outer hills and plains. The temperature falls owing to the rainfall in the hills as moisture laden winds strike the high peaks. The valley being on a higher altitude has a milder climate than that of the outer plains. In winter, the Mediterranean winds cause snowfall in the valley. The elevation of the mountains and valleys in the middle zone is the influential factor of the climate in these regions. Summers are mild and of short duration while winters are cold and dry. The level of cold increases with rising altitude and eventually snowfalls occurs in the higher mountain ranges.

Kashmir has four distinct Seasons, each with its own peculiar character and distinctive charm. These are spring, summer, autumn and winter.
Spring in Kashmir.::Spring, which extends roughly from March to early May, is when a million blossoms carpet the ground. The weather during this time can be gloriously pleasant at 23OC or chilly and windy at 6OC. This is the season when Srinagar experiences rains, but the showers are brief.

Summer extends from May until the end of August. Light woollens may be required to wear out of Srinagar. In higher altitudes night temperatures drop slightly. Srinagar at this time experiences day temperatures of between 25OC and 35OC. At this time, the whole valley is a mosaic of varying shades of green - rice fields, meadows, trees, etc. and Srinagar with its lakes and waterways is a heaven after the scorching heat of the Indian plains.

The onset of Autumn, perhaps Kashmir's loveliest season, is towards September, when green turns to gold and then to russet and red. The highest day temperatures in September are around 23OC and night temperatures dip to 10OC by October, and further drop by November, when heavy woollens are essential.

Through December, to the beginning of March is Winter time, which presents Srinagar in yet another mood. Bare, snow-covered landscapes being watched from beside the warmth of a fire is a joy that cannot be described to anyone who has not experienced it. Some houseboats and hotels remain open in winter-these are either centrally heated or heated with ‘bukharis’, a typically Kashmiri stove kept alight with embers of wood, quite effective in the winter.

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