The state has limited mineral and fossil-fuel resources, and much of these are concentrated in the Jammu region. Small reserves of natural gas are found near Jammu, and bauxite and gypsum deposits occur in the Udhampur district. Other minerals include limestone, coal, zinc, and copper. The pressure of population on land is everywhere apparent, and all available resources are utilized. The lakes and rivers provide fish, water chestnuts, hydroelectric power, and transport and are a tourist attraction. The mountains supply many kinds of timber and pasture for livestock. Gujar and Gaddi nomads practice transhumance in the mountains, keeping sheep, goats, yaks, and ponies.
The majority of the people are engaged in subsistence agriculture of diverse kinds on terraced slopes, each crop adapted to local conditions. Rice, the staple crop, is planted in May and harvested in late September. Corn (maize), millet, pulses (legumes such as peas, beans, and lentils), cotton, tobacco and rice are the main summer crops, while wheat and barley are the chief spring crops. Many temperate fruits and vegetables are grown in areas adjacent to urban markets or in well-watered areas with rich organic soils.
Education is on top priority of the state government
A provision of free education for children coming from families below the poverty line has also been made to facilitate education at the primary level among the poor.
Jammu & Kashmir has 274 higher secondary schools, 1,237 secondary schools, 10,860 primary schools, three universities, four polytechnics, two engineering and four medical colleges.
The state had 823 km of national highways, 688 km of state highways, 7,671 km of major district roads and 3,372 village roads as of February 2002.
The total road length in the state maintained by the Public Works Department has reached 15,012 km.
During March 2007, widening of the existing two-lane road in the Pathankot-Srinagar section of National Highway 1A to four-lane configuration was approved under the National Highway Development Project (NHDP) phase two as a part of the North-South Corridor.
Srinagar airport is the major International airport in the state, with Jammu and Leh being the major domestic airports.
Srinagar airport reported a passenger traffic of 457,000 during 2005-06, while Jammu reported 306,385 passengers and Leh reported 122,401 passengers.
The state is linked with the country's rail network up to Udhampur district
Work on connectivity between Srinagar and Baramullah is going on
The state had 138 route kms of rail length as of March 2006, passing through Udhampur, Jammu Tawi and Kathua
Udhampur-Katra and Quazigund-Baramullah Rail link project has been taken up as national project is likely to be completed by end 2008-early 2009
Single window clearance
The state has set up an Apex Projects Clearance Committee (APCC) serving as a single window clearance system to expedite project clearances.
Four Medical Colleges
343 Primary Health Centers
3326 Medical Sub Centers
Total bed strength of more than 10,000 in the State
Important industrial areas
Industrial Complex, Bari Brahmana,Jammu
Industrial Estate, Gangyal, Jammu
Industrial Growth Centre, Samba, Jammu
Integrated Infrastructure Development Project,Udhampur
Export Promotion Industrial Park, Kartholi,Jammu
Industrial Area, Kathua
Electronic Complex, Rangreth,Srinagar
Industrial Complex Lassipora, Pulwama, Kashmir
Industrial Complex, Khonmoh, Srinagar
Industrial Estate, Zainakote, Srinagar
Industrial Estate, Zakura, Srinagar
Industrial Growth Centre, Ompora, Budgam
With a view to boosting information technology in the state, the state plans to set up a number of computer education centres and to introduce computer courses in colleges. Besides the software park at Rangreth, the state is planning to set up similar parks in the state.
Reviving the tourism sector
The government of Jammu and Kashmir has approved a US$ 55.8 million worth project to restore and preserve the Dal Lake.
The State government has announced approx. US$ 3.7 million-cable ropeway project between Bhawan and Bhairon Ghati to boost pilgrim tourism in the State.
The central government has announced a US$ 36 million package, aimed at reviving the tourism industry in the state, which is expected to generate about 1.7 lakh (Please convert to millon) employment opportunities.
The state also plans to interlink tourist resorts like Katra, Patnitop, Surinsar and Mantalai to make them accessible.
Industrial Cluster Development
The state government plans to set up industrial cluster development centres at Sangam and Bagh-i-Ali Mardan Khan in Kashmir and Kathua in Jammu. The cluster spread over 15 sq. km. will focus on developing infrastructure for the sports industry.
Industrial infrastructure is being built up
Two special economic zones (SEZs), one each in Jammu and Kashmir provinces
Integrated Infrastructure Development Project at Udhampur, an industrial area at Kathua
Electronic Complex at Rangreth, Srinagar
Three industrial complexes at Bari Brahmana, Pulwama and Khonmoh
Three industrial estates at Gangyal, Jammu, and Zainakote and Zakura at Srinagar
Two agri-processing zones�one for walnuts and another for apples in Jammu and Kashmir
Further, locations have been identified for two food parks, two export promotion industrial parks and one industrial estate
Two industrial growth centres at Samba & Badgam and one Export Promotion Industrial Park at Kartholi, Jammu, are also being developed
There are major proposals for setting up of Software Technological Park, at Srinagar, Textile City at Kathua, besides Integrated Leather Complex, Food Processing Park and Gem Park at Srinagar/Jammu
Industrial Growth Centre, Samba
a) Area to be developed 6700 kanals
b) Project cost aprox. US$ 6.2 million
c) Allotable area becoming available 4690 kanals
d) Area under development 1883 kanals
e) Area available for allotment 900 kanals
f) Employment opportunity to be generated 10000 persons
g) Turn-over expected US$ 103 to 124 million
h) Investment to be mobilised US$ 72.3 million
Industrial Growth Centre, Ompora / Lassipora
a) Area to be developed 6500 kanals
b) Project cost US$ 8.3 million
c) Allotable or becoming available 4550 kanals
d) Employment opportunity to be generated 9500 persons
e) Turn-over expected aprox. US$ 103 million
f) Investment to be mobilised aprox. US$ 62 million
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