The stadium gets its name from the Eden Gardens which is among the oldest parks in Kolkata designed in 1841 and named after the Eden sisters of Lord Auckland, theGovernor-General of India. Initially it was named 'Auckland Circus Gardens’ but later changed to 'Eden Gardens' by its makers inspired by Garden of Eden in the Bible. The stadium itself was established in 1864 and currently holds 66,349 people following renovations for the Cricket World Cup 2011; a capacity down from an estimated 100,000 before the upgrade. Before the 1987 World Cup, the capacity was said to be approximately 120,000; however, no official figures have been recorded. Nonetheless, there have been six matches at this venue which were attended by over 100,000 spectators on a day.
Before 1984 both cricket and derby football matches were played in Eden Garden. The stadium is in the B. B. D. Bagh area of the city, near the State Secretariat andCalcutta High Court.
The first recorded Test at the venue was held in 1934, and its first One Day International in 1987. The Hero Cup knockout matches were staged at Eden Gardens, the first matches played under lights at the ground. Sporting floodlights, bowlers deliver from the High Court End or the Pavilion End of a pitch under curator Probir Mukherjee. Eden Gardens is renowned for its large and vociferous crowds. It is said that "a cricketer's cricketing education is not complete till he has played in front of a packed Eden Gardens." The B.C. Roy Club House is named after former Chief Minister of West Bengal Dr. B. C. Roy. The headquarters of the Cricket Association of Bengal are at the Eden Gardens. The stadium hosts Indian Premier League matches and is the home venue for Kolkata Knight Riders co-owned by the Bollywood actorShah Rukh Khan.
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