Most of the regions of the state of Jammu and Kashmir fall in the Kashmir area. The place is full of valleys, lush meadows, crystal clear streams and picturesque location. The summer capital of the state, the Srinagar is located in this region. Kashmir is famous for its dry fruits, saffron and delicious apples.
The pleasant climate, scenic beauty, clear streams and exotic valley of Jammu and Kashmir offers a perfect holiday vacation for the tourists.The topography of the state divides the landscape into three regions, the Kashmir Valley, Ladakh region and the Jammu region. The entire region offers excellent tourism destinations and tourism is the main revenue for the state. The snow clad mountains, lush meadows, gurgling water streams and scenic beauties offer delight to the tourists.
The Kashmir Valley is one of the beautiful valleys of the country which is situated between the Pir Panjal range and the Karakoram mountain range in the Northern most state of Indian Union, the Jammu and Kashmir. The complete area of the Kashmir Valley is located in the Indian Territory and no region falls in the Pakistan occupied Kashmir. The valley stands at a dimension of 135 Km length and 32 Km width around the Jhelum River.Kashmir valley forms the major part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir and has 10 districts for better administrations. The districts which fall in the jurisdiction of the valley are Srinagar, Anantnag, Shopian, Kulgam, Baramulla, Kupwara, Budgam, Pulwama, Bandipore and Ganderbal.
Kashmir Valley has a moderate climate, which is largely defined by its geographic location, with the towering in the north, m Pir in the south and west and Zanskar Range n the east. It can be generally described as cool in the spring and autumn, mild in the summer and cold in the winter. As a large valley with significant differences in geo-location among various districts, the weateher is often cooler in the hilly areas compared to the flat lower part.
Summer is usually mild and with good little rain, but humidity is generally high and the nights are cool. It occurs throughout the year and no month is particularly dry. The hottest month is July (mean minimum temperature 6°C, mean maximum temperature 32°C) and the coldest are December–January (mean minimum temperature −15°C, mean maximum temperature 0°C).
Compared with other plain parts of India, Kashmir valley enjoys a more moderate climate but weather conditions are unpredictable. The recorded high temperature is 33°C and the recorded low is −18°C. On 5 and 6 January 2012, after years of relatively little snow, a wave of heavy snow and low temperatures shocked the valley covering it in a thick layer of snow and ice.
Kashmir Valley has seen an increase in the relative humidity and annual precipitation in the last few years. This is most likely because of the commercial afforestation projects which also include expanding parks and green cover.
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