- History of Agartala

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Perched on the banks of River Howrah, the low-key capital city of Tripura-Agartala- entices the excursionists and sightseers with its past splendor. With its head-reeling assortment of exciting tourist attractions, a trip to Agartala promises to be nothing short of a joy trip. Erstwhile a princely state, today Agartala stands as a part of the Indian Union. Along with the rich cultural influence and natural beauty, the city is equally renowned for its royal history that testifies to the dominance of Manikya Dynasty in the region. The slew of historical monuments that juts out proudly delineates the imperial grandiosity of the royal families that ruled the land before the city ceded its throne to the British Raj. With a sparse population of nearly 200,000, the city serves as a mini store house of rich diversity, amazing culture, welcoming people and pleasant weather. Go ahead and explore the write-up to know more about Agartala history.

Agartala was once part of a Hindu kingdom, until the state was taken over by the Mughals in 1733. The British took over the reigns of governance in 1808 and Tripura was a princely state until 1956, when it became a Union Territory. When Tripura gained statehood in 1972, Agartala became the state capital.It was Maharaja Krishna Chandra Manikya Bahadur, of Manikya Dynasty, who shifted the capital of Swadhin Tripura to Agartala in the 19th century. The earlier capital was Rangamati in south Tripura. It was shifted to old Agartala which was called ‘Haveli’. However, frequent invasions by Kuki’s and also to maintain communication with British Bengal, the Maharaja shifted his capital from Old Haveli to New Haveli (present Agartala) in 1849. During the British Raj, Agartala was the capital of the former ‘Hill Tippera’ state.During the reign of Maharaja Bir Chandra Manikya (1862), Agartala Municipality was formed. In the 1940s the town was planned and re-constructed properly with new roads, markets and buildings.


Early History Of Tripura

From the mythological, epigraphic and archaeological evidences excavated by the historians, it is clear that the glory of Tripura is a long-flourishing one. With early references in epic texts like the Mahabharata, the legacy and historical importance of this quaint city can be easily gauged. In the past, Tripura served as the capital to several noted Hindu kingdoms. Although a clear chronology of the rulers is not available, records reveal that the land was formerly ruled by as many as 179 Hindu rulers, starting from mythological King Druhya to the last king of Tripura, Kirit Bikram Kishore Manikya. Apart from the great Hindu rule, Tripura also witnessed the glorious rule of the Mughals. However, with the rise of British power in India, the state came under the governance of English in 1808.

Medieval History of Agartala

Medieval History of Agartala shows the glorious rule of Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya Bahadur, who was one of the most ambitious kings of Tripura. Under his reign, Tripura flourished as an independent North Eastern state in India. Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya Bahadur is called the creator of the planned city of Agartala. He had gone for a tour in the United Kingdom and after returning to his kingdom he decided that he would make Agartala a mini United Kingdom that was during the 1940s when the town area was re-organised in a planned manner with new roads and a market building making a good comfort for the people of Agartala. In the medieval era, the land was formerly ruled by as many as 179 Hindu rulers, starting from mythological King Druhya to the last king of Tripura, Kirit Bikram Kishore Manikya. Apart from the great Hindu rule, Tripura also witnessed the glorious rule of the Mughal Empire in India. In 1760, Rangamati was shifted by the Maharaja Krishna Chandra Manikya Bahadur of Manikya Dynasty to present old capital of Tripura, Agartala by the bank of the river Haora-Saidra and was named 'Haveli'.

Origin Of The City

Erstwhile, the capital city of Tripura was at Rangamati, the modern day Udaipur in South Tripura. In 1760, Maharaja Krishna Kishore Manikya shifted his capital to 'Old Agartala', the present day 'Khayerpur' on the banks of River Howrah and named it as 'Haveli'. However, unable to bear the frequent invasion of Kuki's and to establish easy communication with the British government in Bengal, Maharaja Krishna Kishore Manikya transferred the capital from 'Old Haveli' to 'New Haveli' in 1849. Even today, New Haveli 'serves as the capital of Tripura with the new name.

New Image Of City

Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya Bahadur of Tripura is known as the founder of modern city of Agartala. It was during the early years of forties when the king took initiative to give a new look to the city by completely re-organizing the infrastructure of the city with the newly established roads and buildings.

The Era Of Reformation

With the waves of Indian Independence, the people of Tripura started Ganamukti Parishad movement to include the state as the kingdom of India. The then queen of Tripura Maharani Kanchanprava Devi signed the agreement on 15th October 1949 permitting the government to merge the province with independent India. On July 1, 1963, Tripura became a centrally administered Union Territory and attained the status of full-fledged state on January 21, 1972. Agartala was named as the capital of Tripura.When India became independent in the year 1947, the people of Tripura started Ganamukti Parishad movement to include the state as the kingdom of India. The then queen of Tripura Maharani Kanchanprava Devi signed the agreement on 15th October 1949 permitting the government to merge the province with independent India. On 1st July 1963, Tripura became a centrally administered Union Territory and attained the status of full-fledged state on 21st January 1972. Agartala was named as the capital of Tripura. The Agartala Municipality was established during the reign of Maharaja Bir Chandra Manikya (1862-1896) within an area of 3 square miles.

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