- History of Ahmednagar

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Ahmednagar History begins from 240B.C. There were only small hamlets in the neighborhood of the city. It was the Andhrabrityas who ruled Ahmednagar B.C. 90 to A.D. 300. Till about 400 AD, Ahmednagar was ruled over by the Rashtrakuta Dynasty. Till 670 AD, Chalukya & Western Chalukya kings ruled the country. The Rashtrakuta kings then ruled Ahmednagar from 670 to 973 A.D. Govind III was the mightiest of the Rashtrakutas whose kingdom stretched from Marwar and Rajputana in the north to Tungabhadra river in the south. Then followed the Western Chalukyas whose dynasty ruled from 973 to 1190 A.D.

The caves and temple of the city were carved and built during this period. After the Western Chalukyas, Ahmednagar passed on to the hands of the Yadavs from Deogiri, who ruled from 1170 to 1310. The famous king of Yadav was Ramdeorao and his name is mentioned in the works of the saint of Dnyandeo. The most notable minister of this time was Hemadri who invented modi script.

Alladin Khilaji, the commander-in-chief of the Moghal king of Delhi in 1294, defeated the king. This victory at the very invasion gave a stimulus to the Muslim ambition of establishing Muslim stronghold in the Deccan. Governors appointed from Delhi then ruled Maharashtra. In 1338, the emperor of Delhi, Mohommed Tughla made Deogiri his capital and changed its name to Daulatabad. Later, Tughlak left Daulatabad.

Alladin Hasan Gangu was successful in overthrowing the power of Delhi emperors and establishing an independent sovereign  kingdom named after his Brahmin preceptor Gangu Brahmin at Gulbarga in 1347. The kingdom is known as Bahamani or Brahmin kingdom. This kingdom lasted for 150 years ruled by 13 kings after Hasan Gangu Bahamani. Administration was commendable & the frame setup by Hasan Gangu proved to be great strength. It was followed by the succeeding kings, when at last a great famine  fell in 1460. It was repeated  in 1472 & 1473. During this time the noble men became rather strong & disobedient.  To face this administrative calamity, Mohamed Gawan who was prime minister contemplated to bring about a drastic change in the administration. The noble men were greatly disturbed and influenced king.  They leveled various charges against Mohamed Gawan. The king was weak enough to believe the charges and foolish enough to order the minister’s execution, a loss which Bahamani power never recovered. Thus poor Gawan put to death in 1487.

In 1494, he laid the foundation of a city close to the victory gardens and called it after himself, Ahmednagar. In two years the city is said to have rivaled Bagdad & Cairo in splendor. Ahmad established a new sultanate in Ahmednagar, also known as Nizam Shahi dynasty. The dynasty lasted till it was conquested by Shah Jahan in 1636.

When the British Government took possession of Ahmednagar much of it was almost ruined. Many former rich areas were depopulated because of famine and continuous fighting between the British soldiers and the freedom fighters. They continued to rise in arms taking resort to villages and the hills and mountains-mostly Parner, Jamgao and Akola areas. The Kolies and the Bhils harassed the British troops intermittently. Raghoji Bhangria headed this mutiny. At last he was caught at Pandharpur in 1847 and hanged.

During the Sepoy Mutiny, 1857 Ahmednagar was in considerable disturbance. The active freedom fighters were about 7000 Bhils under the leadership of Bhagoji Naik. They were active in the hilly tracks and especially in the Parner, Jamgao, Rahuri, Kopargaon and Nasik areas. But at last all these attempts to rise against the British failed and the slavery came to stay.

During the freedom struggle in the 20th century, Bal Gangadhar Tilak organised political movement in the whole of India and was put behind bars by the British Government. But he passed away in 1920 and Mahatma Gandhi took up the leadership and carried on the responsibility of organizing Civil Disobedience Movement. Thousands offered Satyagraha and courted arrest. The famous leader of Ahmednagar, Raosaheb Patwardhan, was underground for many days. Achyutrao Patwardhan was never arrested by the British since he was carrying on the freedom struggle secretively. The veteran leader of Ahmednagar district, Senapti Pandurang Mahadeo Bapat was the most fearless and was one of the greatest disciples of Mahatma Gandhi. He carried on the Mulshi Satyagraha bravely and was arrested in 1937. India attained her freedom on 15 th of August 1947 and all the brave leaders were released from the imprisonment. The flag salutation ceremony took place on the ramparts of the Ahmednagar Fort at 8 a.m on 15 th August 1947 at the auspicious hands of Acharys Narendra Dev who was interned in the Fort of a long time during the struggle for freedom.

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