- History of Aizawl

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The origin of the Mizos, like those of many other tribes in the North Eastern India is shrouded in mystery. The generally accepted as part of a great Mongoloid wave of migration from China and later moved out to India to their present habitat.It is possible that the Mizos came from Shinlung or Chhinlungsan located on the banks of the river Yalung in China. The earliest Mizos who migrated to India were known as Kukis, the second batch of immigrants were called New Kukis. The Lushais were the last of the Mizo tribes migrate to India. The Mizo history in the 18th and 19th Century is marked by many instances of tribal raids and retaliatory expeditions of security. Mizo Hills were formally declared as part of the British-India by a proclamation in 1895. North and south hills were united into Lushai Hills district in 1898 with Aizawl as its headquarters.

The process of the consolidated of the British administration in tribal dominated area in Assam stated in 1919 when Lushai Hills along with some other hill districts was declared a Backward Tract under government of India Act. The tribal districts of Assam including Lushai Hills were declared Excluded Area in 1935.the Mizo Common People's Union was formed on 9th April 1946. The Party was later renamed as Mizo Union. As the day of Independence drew nearer, the Constituent Assembly of India set up and Advisory Committee to deal with matters relating to the minorities and the tribals. A sub-Committee, under the chairmanship of Gopinath Bordoloi was formed to advise the Constituent Assembly on the tribal affairs in the North East. The Mizo Union submitted a resolution of this Sub-committee demanding inclusion of all Mizo inhabited areas adjacent to Lushai Hills. However, a new party called the United Mizo Freedom (UMFO) came up to demand that Lushai Hills join Burma after Independence.

Following the Bordoloi Sub-Committee's suggestion, a certain amount of autonomy was accepted by the Government and enshrined in the Six Schedule of the constitution. The Lushai Hills Autonomous District Council came into being in 1952 followed by the formation of these bodies led to the abolition of chieftanship in the Mizo society.The autonomy however met the aspirations of the Mizos only partially. Representatives of the District Council and the Mizo Union pleaded with the States Reorganization Commission (SRC) in 1954 for integrated the Mizo-dominated areas of Tripura and Manipur with their District Council in Assam.

The tribal leaders in the North East were laboriously unhappy with the SRC Recommendation s : They met in Aizawl in 1955 and formed a new political party, Eastern India Union (EITU) and raised demand for a separate state comprising of all the hill districts of Assam. The Mizo Union split and the breakaway faction joined the EITU. By this time, the UMFO also joined the EITU and then understanding of the Hill problems by the Chuliha Ministry, the demand for a separate Hill state by EITU was kept in abeyance.

It is believed the Mizo people came from China and settled here about 300 years ago. Mizoram, in the 18th century, had an autocratic political system, ruled by hereditary chieftains. In the 1890s, the British annexed the Lushai Hills (as the hills of Mizoram are commonly known as) district to Assam.During the British rule, Christian missionaries were encouraged to come to Mizoram to proselytise and preach. They did and as a consequence, almost 95% of the Mizo population is Christian. The indigenous Buddhist and animist tribes such as the Chakmas and Reangs have been persecuted and even driven out of the state.  Aizawl though does not have a special history the state on the whole; Mizoram ranks second in the country for its literacy rate.Mioram which is a Union Territory now was initially under the control of Assam. Christianity is the dominant religion of this place and almost of the people here can speak English.

The capital and an important district in Mizoram, Aizawl is the largest city in the state. Aizawl is situated around 1132 meters above the sea level. The city is a History of Aizawlbeautiful one, that is more than a hundred years old and the town has its inhabitants living on the ridges of steep hills. It has both road and air connections in terms of transportation.The history of Aizawl is somewhat very interesting since the formation of the city itself started in chaos. It was in the year 1871 – 1872 when the Mizo chief, Khalkom had a bad conduct of behavior due to which the British were bound to create an outpost by the name of Aizawl. After the formation of the outpost in Aizawl, there was a British military operation in Mizoram against the Mizo tribals, when Officer Dally arrived in Mizoram to support Coloner Skinner in this operation. Then on the commands of Officer Dally, of the Assam police, Aizawl was selected as the location for the construction of a fortified post. Soon after that then, the troops got together to complete the construction.In the year 1892 – 1895, Aizawl became accessible by road from Silchar, under supervision and guidance of Major Loch. Air strikes were carried out by the Indian Air Force, in march 1966, when Mizo National front uprising took place.

Again, in 1892, other tribal uprising was topped by McCabe. Gradually, the city Aizawl became the core headquarter of the first Assam Rifles. Finally, in the year 1966, Mizos national front revolution was taken place and the entire region came under their captivation and Indian Air Force had to take the help of the many several air strikes and as a result, Mizo National Front has to withdraw themselves and have to give up. Thus, Aizawl city of Mizoram had undergone through various events which today made the chapters of its part history.

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