Ajmer is situated at the foot of an 800-feet high mountain on the top of which stands, in solemn splendour, the celebrated fort of Garh Beetli or Bithali named after Bithaldas Gaur the trusted General of Emperor Shah Jahan, which is now called Taragarh (the star citadel). This city stretches out in all directions of a spacious valley and is hemmed in on all sides by picturesque hills. Its holy traditions are equally replete with Rajput chivalry and Muslim supremacy in the past history of Hindustan. Few cities of India can boast of Ajmer’s religious sanctity for both Hindus and Muslims, its glorious history and it natural beauty. It was in Ajmer that Khawaja Muinuddin Chishti laid the permanent foundation of Islam in India in 1192 A.D. by his spiritual powers and peaceful preachings. It was in Ajmer that Sir Thomas Roe, as ambassador of King James I of England, had his audience with Emperor Jahangir on 19th January 1616 A.D. which laid the steping stone of the British Raj in India through the charter of free trading granted to the East India Company by the Emperor. It was in Ajmer that Shah Jahan, on the death of Jahangir, proclaimed himself Emperor of India while returning from Udaipur and proceeding to Delhi in 1627 A.D. And it was in Ajmer again that a beginning of the decline of Moghul Empire was made with the victory of Aurangzeb against his brother Dara Shikeh after a furious battle on 11th, 12th and 13th March 1659 A.D. In addition to these major historical events, Ajmer has seen many vicissitudes of time in its long history of about 1400 years.
Ajmer, a city located in the Ajmer District in the center of Rajasthan and well surrounded by the districts of Jaipur & Tonk in the eastern side and Pali in the western side, which is also known as holy city enfolded in green-carpet hills.
The city has been sparkling with its many old monuments like Taragarh Fort, Ahai - Din Ka- Jhonpra since the city discovered in 7th century AD by Raja Ajay Pal Chauhan.
Ajmer has its important role in the Mughal India map. Historic Ajmer attracts pilgrims and tourists from India and abroad. The most favorable place among tourists that can be visited in Ajmer is Muin-ud-Din Chisti's Dargah that is uniformly reversed by both Hindus & Muslims.
The Ajmer lives up with the traditions of religions and cultures. The mughal era architectures have added the spice in to this place. Some sites in this town include the lake of Ana Sagar, Daulat Bagh, museum owned by government, the Nasiyan Jain Temple and of course the above cited tomb of Sufi Saint.
All those who visited to Ajmer have also visited to Nag Pahar - the town of Pushkar by the bus journey of half hour.
As mentioned, the Ajmer city has been founded by Raja Ajay Pal Chauhan in the 7th Century AD, who has established highly regarded Chauhan dynasty that constantly rule India until the invasions of Muslims have been ruled out.
The strong hold of Chauhan remained on Ajmer till 1193, until the Mohammed Ghori, an Afghan ruler defeated the last Chauhan's emperor. The last Chauhan emperor till that time was Prithviraj Chauhan. Ajmer had faced chaotic times since the rapidly changing emperors since thereafter.
Finally, in 1556, the mughal emperor Akbar has won the Ajmer and used Ajmer as the main headquarter for all its campaigns in the state of Rajasthan. After the Mughals declination, the control of the Ajmer city has been passed to the Marathas, particularly to the Gwalior' Scindias.
Ajmer is one of the most sacred places in India. The history of Ajmer dates back to the 7th century when it was established as by Ajaipal Chauhan. It is a city rich in history. Surrounded by the Aravali hills it lies 130 kilometers west of Jaipur. It was always the stronghold of the Chauhan Rajputs. They claimed that they were the descendants of the Agni kula. Ajmer was with them till the 12th century.
The subcontinent's first hill fort was built here-Taragarh Fort in the 7th century. The ruins of this fort by the Anasagar Lake are still visible in Ajmer. The city was very coveted because of its strategic location on the major trade route between Delhi and the sea coast of Gujarat and on the royal road leading from Delhi to the heart of Rajputana.
The kingdom of Ajmer was ruled by Prithviraj Chauhan, Raja of Delhi and Ajmer. In the year 1191 the First Battle of Tarain started between Prithviraj Chauhan and Mohammed Ghori, an Afghan governor. In the second Battle of Tarain the Afghan forces crushed the Rajput cavalry and the emblematic figure of Rajput heroism was taken a prisoner and put to death. The name, Prithviraj Chauhan still remembered in the domain of Rajasthan with great respect because he was the last Hindu king of Delhi. His chivalry, intelligence and valor made him one of the most revered kings in Rajasthan.
The deeds of Prithviraj Chauhan, his fierce resistance, his desperate battles and his proud honour makes an epic poem made of 69 books, the 'Prithviraj Raso' which was recited by bards from one kingdom to the other. The poems continue to immortalize the spirit of Prithviraj Chauhan. Ajmer remained under the reign of Delhi Sultanate till 1326. After the Sultanate rule several battles ensued to between various clans to conquer Ajmer.
Political stability returned only after Akbar, the Mughal Emperor ascended the throne in Delhi. It became an important center for the Mughal emperor, as he was a devout follower of Moinuddin Chisti. The dargah sharif was quite important to him. He fortified the city and built his own palace here, Daulat Khana. Jahangir also lived in Ajmer from 1613 to 1616. After the Mughal rule it was under the control of the Marathas. But with the advent of the British the scenario changed.
Ultimately in the 19th century, it became the base for the British operations. In the year 1947 it was merged with the state of Rajasthan and was stopped being recognized as a princely state.
Ajmer was conquered by Mohammad Ghori in 1193 A.D. However, the Chauhan rulers were allowed autonomy over the state upon payment of heavy tribute to the conquerors. Ajmer was later captured by the ruler of Mewar in 1365 followed by Marwar 1532. In 1553, the Hindu Emperor, Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, popularly known as Hemu conquered Ajmer; he was killed in the second battle of Panipat in 1556. Ajmer came under the control of Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1559, and later passed onto the Marathas in the 18th century. In 1818, the British asked the Marathas to cede Ajmer for Rs. 50,000 and hence it became a part of the province of Ajmer-Merwar. In 1950, it became Ajmer State, which became part of the Rajasthan State on 1 November 1956.
Ajmer is located at a distance of 135 km from the capital city of Jaipur. Taragarh Fort, is a noted hill fort in the city of Ajmer.
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