- Kolkata Culture

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It is fun to explore the culture of Kolkata India. Over here, the days begin with a cup of tea and thereafter people leave from their houses to enjoy the morning breeze. They carry out their fitness workout consisting of walking, jogging, stretching etc. Bengal offers a mind-blowing variety of sweets and yummy mouthwatering dishes. Read on to know more about Calcutta culture:

Kolkata is truly a city of talent and passion, where people are lively and have an enthusiasm to live life to the fullest. If you want to get well versed with the Kolkatta culture, the best way is to look out for a friend over there and join adda i.e. the local parlance where chat sessions are held. Discussions take place on a wide variety of subjects ranging from politics, sports, religion, news, books, art, films, music, food etc. The discussions are healthy and never end with arguments or an ugly note.

Bengalis are very fond of music. Infact, if you go about visiting houses in the neighborhood, you'll find that there is an aspiring singer in almost every home. Bengalis love to indulge in yummy food. Infact, every meal ends up with some delicious dessert. For people who love eating junk food, Calcutta is just an apt place.


Festivities are an integral part of the city. Calcutta hosts a variety of fairs, film fests, music conferences and folk fairs. It houses the Marwaris, Parsis, Anglo Indians, Jews, Armenians and the joyous people of China town. Kolkata has a plethora of tourist attraction places encompassing museums, galleries, heritage buildings, amusement parks, temples, churches and synagogues

Kolkata has long been known for its literary, artistic and revolutionary heritage. As the former capital of India, Kolkata was the birthplace of modern Indian literary, artistic and scholastic thought. The people of Kolkata tend to have a special appreciation for art and literature; its tradition of welcoming new talent has made it a "city of furious creative energy". For these reasons, Kolkata has often been dubbed as the Cultural Capital of India or the Literary Capital of India.

In the social life of Kolkata, the "Para" culture shares a significant position. The Kolkatans represent a strong sense of community. Normally every Para has a clubroom or the community hall and a playground. "Adda" is an inseparable part of Para. People habitually indulge in "Adda" or leisurely chat, which includes almost everything from, outrageous slander to witty banter and limericks.

Religious antiquity shares a significant part in the cultural heritage of Kolkata. The majestic buildings across the city of Kolkata, adorned with the Gothic, Baroque, Roman, Oriental and Indo-Islamic motifs, utters the fact that Kolkata was once colonized by those civilizations and religious groups. Kolkata shares the status of a multi-ethnic city till date.

The colonial buildings, which are still being maintained, have been declared "heritage structures". The Indian Museum, established in 1841 with a vast collection of antique Indian History and pieces of art, attributed cultural heritage to Kolkata. The Victoria Memorial Hall, one of the famous tourist spot reveals the British culture, once prevalent in Kolkata. The National Library (leading public library in India) and the Academy of Fine Arts and the art galleries, are the representation of the indigenous culture of Kolkata.

Cultural Programmes In Kolkata

Drama or Theatre and jatra, constitute the cultural institution of Kolkata. But with the days going the cultural interest in Kolkata is shifted to the films and the daily soaps. Hollywood and Bollywood Movies are in great demand among the youngsters. Tollygunj in Kolkata is the abode of the Bengali Film Making industry "Tollywood".

The Academy of Fine Arts is one of the oldest and finest art societies in the country. The eight galleries on its ground floor together forming the largest gallery space in India, display exhibitions by artists and  groups from all parts of India and abroad. It is truly a delight for the eyes, walking through the galleries, viewing new worlds of creation by artists of all ages.

Above the spacious galleries in the ground floor, there is an extensive museum covering the entire first floor. It comprises a fine collection of different types of the arts.

Art Gallery

The Gallery of Contemporary Art with paintings and sculptures of India from 1900 to the present day, has a good collection of Acharya Abanindranath Tagore and of his brother Gaganedra  Nath  Tagore,  who  was  the   first  to  introduce cubism  in India . Abanindranath's  famous disciples Nandalal Bose, Asit Kumar Haldar, Kshitin Mazumdar, Samar Gupta and their  disciples  like Benod  Behari  Mukherjee, Sarada Ukil, Sudhir Khastagir,  Ram  Kinkar Beij and others are  all  represented here.

The gallery of Old Textiles may be considered among the finer ones in India, with rare pieces of old textiles from many parts of India. The Gallery of Miniature paintings which has, among other works, a unique Ram –Sita series containing 18 fine miniature paintings given to Lady Ranu by her father,  Prof. Phani Bhusan Adhikari. This was presented to him by Benaras Hindu University. There is a Rag-Mala series comprising 33 miniature paintings. Two hundred miniature paintings, a family collection collected by Sir  R. N.  Mookerjee, were gifted by Sir Biren Mookerjee.

The Carpet Gallery is rare, as we do not think there is as yet in India a gallery exclusively for carpets -is from the Late T. L. Martin and other donors.

The Gallery of Engravings on  India  in  the 18th and 19th Centuries; eminent painters such as Zoffany  ,   Hodges, the Danniells, Sir Charles O D'oyly and others are represented there. There is also a Gallery of contemporary Graphics and Line Drawings.

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