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Language in India

Languages in India

The constitution of India has recognised 22 languages as official languages for India, called Scheduled Languages. There is not one language which is spoken everywhere across India. Hindi for example is spoken by most of the northern parts of India however few people in south India will understand it. In south India the majority of people speak Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam which few people in northern India understand.

The different official languages in different parts of India
  • Sanskrit - The philosphical language of Hinduism
  • Hindi - India's most common language
  • Gujarati - Language of Gujarat and Union Territories of Dadar and Nagar Haveli
  • Punjabi - The official language of Punjab
  • Bengali- The state language of West Bengal
  • Assamese - The official language of Assam
  • Dogri, Urdu - The language of Jammu and Kashmir
  • Oriya - The state language of state of Odisha
  • Marathi - The official language of Maharashtra
  • Kannada - The official language of Karnataka
  • Tamil - The state language of Tamil Nadu
  • Telugu - The official language of Andhra Pradesh
  • Malayalam - The official language of Kerala
  • Sindhi - Language most spoken in the area of Sindh
  • Konkani - The state language of Goa
  • Manipuri - The official language of Manipur
  • Khasi - The official language of Meghalaya
  • Mizo - The official language of Mizoram
  • English - The official language of Nagaland

In the newly formed state of Telangana, Urdu and Telugu are official languages. Aside from the Scheduled Languages, there are other languages that are spoken by many people but i not considered a Scheduled Language. The languages are spoken by regional people and known as regional languages of India and include Rajasthani, Haryanvi, Bhili, Gondi and Tulu among others. There are also Indian languages which are not widely spoken and are considered minority languages. Among these are Mahl and Portuguese languages.

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